Selected Reads

You Are Not A Gadget, by Jaron Lanier

You Are not A Gadget by Jaron Lanier is a timely read especially now that artificial technologies are revolutionizing the world wide web. The question Jaron Lanier asked back in the 1980s when he was working on virtual reality, is presciently valid for the current moment: “would people become addicted to virtual reality [replace it with Artificial technologies] as if it were a drug? Would they become trapped in it, unable to escape back to the physical world where the rest of us live?” (P. 5). 

You are not a gadget

Throughout the book, Mr. Lanier keeps a pessimistic outlook in regards to what he called ‘petty designs’ (i.e., web 2.0 tools) arguing that they are transforming human life especially the social interrelational side of it in negative ways. The author laments that the concepts of personhood and individual intelligence are being replaced by pack mentality and hive minds. However, as he himself stated, the book “is not anti-technology in any sense. It is pro-human” (ix). 

The implications of the rise of “digital serfdom” couldn’t be more profound . As technology gets better and better, and civilization becomes more and more digital, one of the major questions we will have to address is: Will a sufficiently large middle class of people be able to make a living from what they do with their hearts and heads? Or will they be left behind distracted by empty gusts of ego-boosting puffery.

You probably are overwhelmed with the recent updates in AI and the sudden thrust of ChatGPT into the digital realm. The superhuman capacities that this open AI project  has allows it to provide human-like help with almost any issue you feed into it. For us in education this is very disconcerting especially with the early reports that certain students have already started using it to generate essays.

AI technologies such as ChatGPT are still in their infancy but the harm they instigated in certain sectors such as education is already felt as many school districts are now considering banning access to these technologies altogether. 

Read within this context, You Are Not A Gadget will make way more sense to you  now than if you had read it when it was first published over a decade ago.  Mr Lanier’s prescient ideas are probably more pertinent now than anytime before. I invite you to give this book a try and share with us your take. 


Part one: What is a Person?

  •  Chapter 1: Missing Persons
  • Chapter 2: An Apocalypse of Self-abdication
  • Chapter 3: The Noosphere Is Just Another Name for Everyone’s Inner Troll

Part 2: What will money be?

  • Chapter 4: Digital Peasant Chic
  • Chapter 5: The City is Built to Music
  • Chapter 6: The Lords of the Clouds Renounce Free Will
  • Chapter 7: The Prospects for Humanistic Cloud Economics
  • Chapter 8: Three Possible Future Directions

Part 3: The Unbearable Thinness of Flatness

  • Chapter: 9: Retropolis
  • Chapter 10: Digital Creativity Eludes Flat Places
  • Chapter 11: All Hail the Membrane

Part 4: The Best of Bits

  • Chapter 12: I am a Contrarian Look
  • Chapter 13: One Story of How Semantics Might Have Evolved

Part 5: Future Humors

  • Chapter 14: Home at Last 

Another book that goes along the same line of thought as ” You Are Not A Gadget ” is “Are Digital Technologies and Internet Making Our Kids Dumb?” .

Leave a Comment